Fulltext TSBs

Technical Service Bulletins

TSB
96-10-7
  • FUEL – CALIFORNIA REFORMULATED GASOLINE (CARFG) – SERVICE TIP
Publication Date: MAY 6, 1996

FORD:
1983-1986 LTD
1983-1988 EXP
1983-1996 CROWN VICTORIA, ESCORT, MUSTANG, THUNDERBIRD
1985-1994 TEMPO
1986-1996 TAURUS
1989-1996 PROBE
1995-1996 CONTOUR
LINCOLN-MERCURY:
1980-1983 MARK VI
1983-1988 LN7
1983-1996 COUGAR, GRAND MARQUIS, TOWN CAR
1984-1992 MARK VII
1985-1994 TOPAZ
1986-1996 SABLE
1991-1996 TRACER
1993-1996 CONTINENTAL, MARK VIII
1995-1996 MYSTIQUE
LIGHT TRUCK:
1983-1996 BRONCO, ECONOLINE, F-150-350 SERIES, RANGER
1984-1990 BRONCO II
1986-1996 AEROSTAR
1987-1996 F SUPER DUTY
1991-1996 EXPLORER
1993-1996 VILLAGER
1995-1996 WINDSTAR

ISSUE:

California introduced CaRFG around March 1, 1996 and statewide it must be available at all service stations by June 1, 1996 to help reduce emissions and improve gasoline quality. It will replace the traditional gasoline sold in Northern California and improve the reformulated gasoline that has been sold in Southern California since January 1995. California Air Resources Board (CARB) projects smog forming emissions from motor vehicles to be reduced by about 15 percent.

ACTION:

The following text is provided to give some answers to some commonly asked questions by our customers.

POSITION

Ford Motor Company recommends the use of CaRFG as a cost effective means of reducing emissions to provide cleaner air. We have participated in vehicle and laboratory testing of CaRFG to make sure it is acceptable for our customers’ use. There are no unusual vehicle performance concerns expected based upon these studies. The use of CaRFG will not affect Ford’s new vehicle and/or emissions warranty.

WHAT DOES CaRFG CONSIST OF?

CaFRG consists of the same basic components as other gasolines, but it reduces pollution because of its cleaner burning components. Features are:

  • reduced aromatic hydrocarbons to form less smog emissions
  • added oxygenates to reduce emissions
  • decreases the amount of fuel evaporating from the vehicle
  • lowered sulfur content to provide more efficient operation of the vehicle’s catalytic converter
  • reduced benzene by about one-half

IS CaRFG MORE HAZARDOUS THAN CONVENTIONAL GASOLINES?

CaRFG is a hazardous substance like convential gasoline. Precautions should continue to be taken to avoid exposure to vapors or liquid when it is pumped or handled. It should never be siphoned or swallowed.

HOW WILL CaRFG AFFECT VEHICLE PERFORMANCE?

Properly blended CaRFG should have no adverse effect on vehicle performance or the durability of engine and fuel system components. Its basic properties are not significantly different than other cleaner burning gasolines that have been used in the U.S. for several years.

If the vehicle is a certified California calibration 1996 or later model year, it was designed to operate on CaRFG gasoline. The vehicle will operate satisfactorily on gasolines in the other 49 states, but emission control system performance may be affected. Using gasolines other than CaRFG have substantially increased emissions from motor vehicles.

WILL THE USE OF CaRFG AFFECT CALIFORNIA VEHICLE WARRANTY?

No. The coverage of Ford’s new vehicle warranty is not affected. In fact, Ford Owner Guides have consistently approved the use of properly blended reformulated gasolines containing oxygenates. Further information about properly fueling your vehicle is included in the Owner Guide.

WILL FUEL ECONOMY BE AFFECTED?

A very small reduction in fuel economy of less than one-half mile per gallon is possible if the customer was using gasoline without oxygenates. This is attributed to the lower energy content of oxygenates which have been in all Southern California gasolines since January of 1995 and in some gasolines since the 1970′s.

Many factors affect fuel economy like driving habits, vehicle maintenance, weather conditions, etc. Fuel economy can vary by more than a mile per gallon from one fill-up to the next with the same gasolines.

For further details see TSB Article 95-12-2 for customer expectations regarding fuel economy.

ARE SPECIAL ADDITIVES NECESSARY FOR CaRFG?

No. It is not necessary to add anything to the vehicle fuel tank after the gasoline is purchased from the service station. California regulations require deposit control additives in CaRFG to minimize port fuel injector and intake valve deposits.

WILL OLDER VEHICLES OPERATE SATISFACTORILY WITH THE NEW CaRFG?

Older vehicles are expected to operate satisfactorily on CaRFG because vehicles have been operating on gasolines similar to CaRFG for a number of years. However, considerable testing indicates that older, high mileage vehicles are more susceptible to fuel system problems due to age and normal wear and tear regardless of whether they are operated on conventional or CaRFG gasolines. Owners of these older vehicles are encouraged to follow their vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations regarding vehicle maintenance.

WILL THE SMELL BE DIFFERENT THAN CONVENTIONAL GASOLINE?

CaRFG is not expected to smell different than the gasoline most vehicles are currently using. If an unusual odor is noticed, it would probably be from oxygenates. Most service stations use vapor recovery systems to minimize the release of gasoline vapors while refueling.

The use of CaRFG should result in little or no “rotten egg” smell from the exhaust because CaRFG has much lower sulfur than conventional gasoline.

WAS CaRFG TESTED BEFORE INTRODUCTION?

It was tested for over five million miles in more than 800 vehicles under the guidance of CARB including experts representing automobile manufacturers, gasoline suppliers, fleet operations and government. There was no increase in problems identified with the use of CaRFG.

DOES CaRFG COST MORE?

The price at the pump cannot be accurately predicted, although a modest increase is likely. The price of CaRFG is subject to the competitive forces in the marketplace. Many factors including production costs, supply and demand, weather, crude oil prices, and taxes affect gasoline prices.

WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION ON CaRFG?

Additional information within the state of California on CaRFG is available from the California Air Resources Board toll-free at 1-800-922-7349 (within California only).

OTHER APPLICABLE ARTICLES:

95-12-2

WARRANTY STATUS:

Information Only

OASIS CODES:

404000, 623000


Copyright © 1996 Ford Motor Company