2002 Lincoln Blackwood Overview

     Product Information 
     Driving Dynamics
     Design
     Special Features
     Specifications
     Photos

    Overview

    “Blackwood is going to help Lincoln sustain the product-led momentum created
    by the Lincoln Navigator and Lincoln LS because it represents a uniquely American
    interpretation of luxury. It takes some of the best qualities of Lincoln luxury
    cars and the sport-utility vehicle and blurs the distinction to create something
    entirely new.”


              —  Mark Hutchins, President, Lincoln Mercury

    • The production Lincoln Blackwood remains true to the visual promise of
      the concept that debuted in 1999. Blackwood’s gloss-black finish, signature
      Lincoln grille and low-profile 18-inch tires contribute to the vehicle’s dramatic
      stance.
    • Production will be limited to less than 10,000 units per year, in order
      to maintain exclusivity.
    • Blackwood’s most striking feature is its 4-foot, 8-inch cargo trunk, which
      recalls the craftsmanship of classic wooden motorboats. The trunk interior
      is visually arresting with its stainless-steel trim and LED accent lighting.
    • The industry’s first manufacturer-installed power tonneau cover and side-hinged
      Dutch doors enhance the appearance and functionality of the Blackwood’s trunk.
    • Blackwood’s passenger cabin provides a visual link to the exterior cabin
      through its monochromatic black interior trimmed in Connolly leather and dark-stained
      crystal oak wood. It is exceptionally quiet, roomy, comfortable and luxurious.
    • A powerful, refined 300-horsepower engine and a load-leveling hybrid air
      and leaf-spring rear suspension provide impressive towing capability – up
      to 8,700 pounds.
    • The Blackwood’s nearly perfect front-to-rear weight balance, careful suspension
      tuning, acceleration-sensitive dampers; speed-sensitive power steering and
      18-inch wheels and tires combine to provide a comfortable, controlled ride
      and confident, balanced handling.


    The 2002 Lincoln Blackwood

    The 2002 Lincoln Blackwood is the latest product in the total transformation
    of the Lincoln brand, a transformation that began nearly four years ago.


    In 1998, Lincoln Mercury relocated its headquarters from Detroit to Irvine,
    Calif. – in the heart of the largest luxury vehicle market in the country –
    in order to establish a unique culture built around the brand’s American Luxury
    signature.


    Prior to the move, Lincoln launched the Navigator sport-utility vehicle, as
    a 1998 model, followed in 2000 by the Lincoln LS luxury sports sedan. These
    two products, which expanded the brand’s product range beyond the traditional
    full-size luxury market, have been enormously successful in attracting new customers
    and in growing Lincoln sales. Lincoln sales in 2000 were the best since 1990,
    and fully 70 percent of Navigator customers and 60 percent of LS customers had
    never owned a Lincoln before. In addition, the median age of these customers
    is in the mid-50s – substantially lower than the median age of Lincoln’s customers
    in the traditional luxury segment, which is in the mid-60s.


    In 2000, with the success of the Navigator and LS in attracting new customers
    to the brand, Ford Motor Company vested Lincoln with its own design, product
    development, purchasing and manufacturing organizations to complement its strong
    sales, marketing and distribution organization. Today, these resources are 100-percent
    dedicated to fully developing American Luxury in product terms, through marketing
    channels and through a premier sales and service experience.


    “German cars have a distinctive character, so do British and Japanese cars.
    American Luxury and Lincoln are about having products that are equal to the
    best in the world in engineering and quality terms, but totally unique – and
    unabashedly American – in the way they drive, in they way the look and feel,”
    says Hutchins. “With all of the resources now dedicated to growing Lincoln –
    and judging by the public’s reaction to the Blackwood – I know we can achieve
    this.”


    The Lincoln Blackwood makes a tremendous impression on people of all ages and
    from all walks of life. “Every time we took a prototype on the road, we seemed
    to spend more time talking to people than actually driving,” says Lisa Bacus,
    Blackwood brand manager. “It’s the kind of vehicle people dream about owning,”
    Bacus continues, “and having an aspirational vehicle like Blackwood in our showrooms
    can only support the rest of the Lincoln range.”


    Bacus said Blackwood will attract affluent and accomplished consumers who are
    attracted to its design and interested in buying a luxury vehicle with exceptional
    cargo-carrying and towing ability.


    “Blackwood is an image and lifestyle vehicle, but one with great utility and
    functionality,” she says. “It can easily tow a large boat or horse trailer one
    day, and take a foursome to the golf course the next.”

    Design

    Blackwood’s deep-gloss black-paint finish, signature Lincoln grille, 18-inch wheels
    and low-profile tires contribute to the vehicle’s dramatic stance. Bright, tightly
    focused complex-reflector headlamps, fog lamps and taillights stand out against
    the black paint, as do the chromed door handles, side mirrors and fuel-filler
    door. The Lincoln star insignia decorates the front-door cladding and the tonneau’s
    latch cover.

    To contribute to Blackwood’s sleek appearance, the radio antenna is concealed
    inside the rear-window glass, which reduces wind noise.


    The exotic, heavily striated African Wenge wood of the show vehicle’s trunk is
    interpreted for production in an extremely durable, three-dimensional composite
    surface for better longevity, maintenance and insurability than wood. The photo-laminate
    process used to create the panels accurately records the image of wood bands,
    each of which is defined by a brushed aluminum stripe. The composite panels –
    like the rest of Blackwood – had to pass stringent durability testing. The panels
    were able to maintain their color after seven simulated years of advanced weathering.


    The cargo area is protected by the first manufacturer-installed power tonneau
    cover, which nests into the rear doors and becomes a structural member when latched
    at each rear corner. The Dutch-style rear doors bear the Blackwood name in widely
    spaced, chrome capital letters. The doors allow easier loading and unloading of
    the cargo area by eliminating the need to bend over a lowered pickup gate.

    The Trunk

    Blackwood’s 26.5 cubic foot trunk is unique inside and out. Side-hinged Dutch
    doors and a tonneau cover that opens at the push of a button – either from the
    key fob, interior overhead console or through a code on the driver’s door keypad
    – allow easy access to the interior of the trunk. A lighted handle inside the
    trunk offers an emergency release, and a separate, locking manual override –
    intended for service use – is housed within the rear, passenger-side wheel housing.



    Electric controls silently lift the tonneau to a height of 6 feet, 8 inches,
    and close it as well. Safety sensors built into the unit reverse the motor if
    an obstruction is detected.


    The trunk’s interior walls are clad in a durable .032-inch stainless steel that
    lends a luxurious appearance, with PVC rub strips to ward off dents and scratches.
    Cool-to-the-touch LED light strips on either side provide an accent along the
    junction between the sides and cargo floor. Flush tie-down rings help secure
    larger items. A storage bin is built into each side, and additional open bins
    are located in each Dutch door.

    Interior Appointments

    Blackwood offers numerous comfort and convenience features for both driver and
    passengers as standard equipment. The only optional luxury feature is a console-integrated
    satellite-based navigation system that uses data CDs to provide street-level
    detail, and can be programmed to guide the driver to a specific address.


    Interior highlights include perforated black Connolly leather-faced seats that
    offer a wide range of heating and cooling settings for the driver and front
    seat passenger. The climate-controlled seats circulate heated or cooled air
    through the perforated-leather surfaces using a dedicated fan and compact heat
    pumps. The seat surfaces begin to heat or cool within seconds.


    Blackwood also offers a tilt steering column with steering wheel-mounted duplicate
    stereo and climate control buttons, a seven-speaker Alpine audio system with
    subwoofer and six-CD changer, automatic climate control and auto-shutoff headlamps.
    The interior is trimmed in dark-stained crystal oak, and has a wood-and-leather
    trimmed steering wheel.

    Blackwood’s four bucket seats are packaged in a space large enough for six
    adults, so each occupant is afforded exceptional hip and shoulder room. Both
    driver and front passenger seats are power adjustable, with extended power lumbar
    support. The driver’s seat, mirrors and adjustable brake and accelerator pedals
    have a memory feature, which can record three drivers’ preferences.


    The front seats and rear seats are each separated by full-size consoles with
    hinged, leather-clad lids and deep molded-in cupholders. In addition to the
    dash-mounted cigar lighter, there are four 12-volt power points: one on the
    instrument panel, two in the rear passenger area and one in the cargo trunk.



    An overhead console offers an electronic display that includes a compass, distance
    to empty and average fuel economy readings. Controls on the console operate
    the power moonroof and the power tonneau cover. The Homelink System™ located
    on the driver’s side visor controls up to three remote-control devices, such
    as garage door openers.

    Driving Dynamics

    Blackwood is designed to offer superb handling and a smooth, quiet and controlled
    ride over a wide range of road surfaces. The suspension was carefully engineered
    to optimize its nearly 50/50 weight balance. Tuned spring rates and stabilizer
    bars help maintain a level ride during maneuvers.

    The independent short- and long-arm (SLA) front suspension uses coil springs
    and shock absorbers with acceleration-sensitive damping. The shocks allow quick
    suspension travel in response to sharp bumps, such as potholes or pavement edges,
    while offering more resistance to slower movements, such as body roll. This
    provides the smoother ride of soft-rate shocks, with the control of firm shock
    valving when maneuvering.

    The rear suspension uses acceleration-sensitive shocks with a hybrid of leaf
    and air springs that virtually eliminates the abrupt spring rate transitions
    common to conventional leaf spring designs. Such transitions could produce a
    jarring ride over large bumps. Blackwood’s single leaf spring has a parabolic
    cross-section, designed to handle the weight of the unloaded vehicle on the
    rear axle – about 3,000 pounds at normal deflection.

    As passengers or cargo are added, the extra weight is taken up by the air springs.
    Air pressure in the springs – which are shaped like flexible vertical cylinders
    – adjust automatically to maintain ride height. The air springs are progressive,
    meaning they are able to generate a plush ride in the normal operating range,
    but offer increasingly stiff resistance as the axle approaches the limits of
    travel, which helps to prevent bottoming.

    To improve stability, the rear shocks are staggered – one toward the front,
    one angled rearward – for better control of the solid axle over road irregularities.
    At the extreme of axle travel, micro-cellular urethane jounce bumpers provide
    a more progressive halt than solid rubber bumpers. The more they are compressed,
    the more resistance they offer, in order to keep the axle from striking the
    frame under an exceptional load, which can occur when striking a deep, sharp-edged
    pothole. Anti-windup bars attached to the rear axle help to prevent wheel hop
    under strong acceleration, and maintain traction on wet or loose surfaces.

    Tires developed specially for the Blackwood – P275/55R-18 Michelin Cross-Terrain
    tires mounted on 18×8-inch machined aluminum wheels – make a major contribution
    to its ride characteristics.

    The recirculating-ball power-steering system uses a new variable-assist power-steering
    control that very closely matches the characteristics of the Lincoln LS rack
    and pinion, which was the team’s benchmark. In low-speed situations, such as
    parallel parking, it provides more power assist to reduce steering effort. At
    higher speeds, power assist is reduced to contribute to a tighter, more precise
    steering feel.

    Powertrain

    Blackwood’s 5.4-liter, 32-valve dual overhead cam V-8 engine produces 300 horsepower
    at 5,000 rpm, and 355 foot-pounds of peak torque at 2,750 rpm. It has aluminum
    heads and a 90-degree cast-iron block in a deep-skirted design that adds stiffness
    and reduces noise. Sequential multi-port injectors deliver fuel to the cylinders
    through a tumble-port cylinder head configuration, which enhances power and
    fuel efficiency. The engine is calibrated to run on 91 octane (minimum) regular
    unleaded gasoline.

    Blackwood’s engine is rated for 100,000 miles before the first tune-up, under
    normal driving conditions, with regular fluid and filter changes. It features
    fail-safe engine protection designed to minimize engine damage in the event
    of a catastrophic coolant loss. If the engine controller detects overheating,
    it shuts off fuel to alternating banks of cylinders, which allows cool air to
    pump through the cylinder bores. In fail-safe mode, the vehicle can be driven
    a short distance under reduced power, depending on speed, load and outside temperature.

    Blackwood’s engine is mated to a 4R100-model four-speed automatic transmission
    with overdrive and a locking torque converter. A 3.73 final drive ratio and
    a built-in Class III/IV hitch contribute to Blackwood’s muscular tow rating
    of up to 8,700 pounds. To enhance traction, Blackwood uses a combination of
    mechanical and electronic strategies. In situations where power exceeds available
    traction, and the rear wheels spin, Blackwood’s traction control system reduces
    engine output by retarding the spark and reducing fuel flow until traction is
    restored. To improve system smoothness, Blackwood doesn’t use the braking system
    to reduce wheel spin. The driver usually won’t notice the system in action at
    all, which is consistent with Blackwood’s goal of quiet powertrain operation.


    In situations in which wheel spin is required, such as in deep snow, the system
    can be overridden via a lighted dash-mounted button. When the system is turned
    off, an indicator on the switch lights up. The system is automatically reset
    the next time the vehicle is started.

    Blackwood comes with a standard limited-slip differential. Later this year,
    it will offer an enhanced rear axle equipped with the Visco-Lok torque transfer
    system. This hydraulic system offers seven times the torque transfer capability
    of a conventional limited-slip differential, and transfers more torque as it
    senses increasing wheelspin.

    Safety and Security

    Blackwood’s standard safety features include second-generation front air bags,
    seat-mounted side-impact air bags for driver and front seat passenger, front
    shoulder and lap belts with pretensioners and energy management system, childproof
    door locks and child seat tether capability for the rear seats. For comfort,
    all four shoulder belts are height-adjustable.

    Blackwood also features BeltMinder™, which sounds a chime and flashes a red
    warning light on the dashboard as a gentle reminder to buckle up once the vehicle
    is moving. This is especially useful to those who get in and out of their vehicles
    frequently, such as during the course of business.

    To enhance visibility, the side mirrors have built-in turn signal repeaters.
    Blackwood also has a Reverse Sensing System that is activated when reverse gear
    is selected. It provides an audible cue to obstacles behind the vehicle, beeping
    with increasing frequency as the object nears.

    Blackwood has three-channel, four-wheel antilock (ABS) disc brakes. Electronic
    brakeforce distribution (EBD), in concert with ABS, helps to shorten stopping
    distances by continually monitoring wheel slip and allocating braking forces
    front-to-rear based on available traction. In practice, this allows the rear
    wheels to supply more braking as the load on the rear axle increases, such as
    when the cargo trunk is full, or during towing.

    Like all Lincoln vehicles, Blackwood is fitted with the SecuriLock™ passive
    anti-theft system that requires the use of a coded ignition key to start the
    vehicle. A perimeter alarm also is included in the system. A valet feature allows
    the driver to disable the release buttons for the tonneau cover on the overhead
    console.

    Assembly and Pricing

    Blackwood will be built at the Kansas City Assembly Plant in Claycomo, Mo. Production
    will be limited to less than 10,000 units per year, in order to maintain exclusivity.

    The 2002 Lincoln Blackwood has a manufacturer’s suggested price of $52,500,
    including delivery and dealer preparation charges. The optional navigation system
    is priced at $1,995. Like all Lincoln vehicles, Blackwood will be covered by
    a four-year/50,000 mile bumper-to-bumper limited warranty. Lincoln also provides
    complimentary scheduled maintenance, including oil changes and tire rotation,
    for the first three years or 36,000 miles of ownership.