The PCM will shut the motor down with low or no oil pressure. The motor should be OK, I did it once losing all my oil until it shut down and all is good. Good luck with the other problems.
The 'Mule' 96 2WD F250 EC/LB auto PSD, semi-retired.
The 'Old Gray Mare' 97 dually cc, rest in peace. To be resurrected by a fellow FTEer!
The 'Babe the Blue Ox' 97 dually EC,T4 s366,DI IC,stage I's,Hydra,studs,springs,pushrods,swamps HVHF IDM,John Woods auto,FS2500 oil bypass,3"DP-4",SD dual tensioner,6.0 trans cooler,turbo silencer,adrenaline