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Old 07-25-2010, 08:21 PM
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93 mix 'n match 93 mix 'n match is offline
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how does the front end part of the 4WD work?

what exactly isnt moving while in 2wd? i know the CV shafts are, i know the drive shaft isnt. what part is actually controlled by the vacuum part? is there a schematic or drawing?

thanks in advance.
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Old 07-25-2010, 09:39 PM
Bluegrass 7 Bluegrass 7 is offline
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The vacuum motor engages a sleeve internal to the front differencial that locks the two front half shafts togather.
This all happens at the same time the request switch is operated for 4wH or 4wL.
There are electric solenoid vacuum valves on the firewall that do this in response to your selections.
If you do this at idle, you should hear a 'clunk' when the front axle vacuum motor operates.
Otherwise, in 2wd, the front trans drive shaft does not turn because the transmission has not shifted to engage the front drive shaft or the vacuum motors to lock the front half shafts togather.
The combination of electronic control, transmission power flow changes and front axle engagment is what baffles most when they have an issue.
Each part of the operation must be understood to solve an issue unless one is lucky.
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Old 07-25-2010, 10:35 PM
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93 mix 'n match 93 mix 'n match is offline
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so when your driving down the road in 2wd, the actual differential isnt moving?

what im getting at here is im about to change my rear diff fluid. its 260k miles old. 4wd was barely used by the PO, so if the differential dosent move, theres no point in changing the fluid right?
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Old 07-26-2010, 01:07 AM
Podaso Podaso is offline
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I've wondered about that too. I'm interested in any input before I do mine...if I need to. Mine's only got 138,000 miles.
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Old 07-26-2010, 01:07 AM
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2003, 4wd, axle, drawings, drive, end, f150, ford, front, frontend, operated, parts, truck, vaccumm, wheel, work

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