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Explorer, Sport Trac, Mountaineer & Aviator 1991-1994, 1995-2001, 2002-2005, 2006-2010 Ford Explorer

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  #1  
Old 06-07-2002, 03:08 PM
rstalker rstalker is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

I not sure if this has been beaten to death.. I'm sure it has.. However I haven't seen anything on my specific problem..

From what I can see my Transfer Case is working correctly.. When I switch into 4wd low I here the clunk of the transfer case switching gears and the 4wd low light comes on.. In 4wd high the light comes on.. However, after driving a few minutes everything starts blinking and the lights go out..

Well I jacked all four wheels of my truck off the ground and took a look to see what is happening.. From what I can tell the Drive shaft coming out of the front of the transfer case is spinning.. So I believe everything is working up to the front differental. However beyond that point nothing is happening.. Each drive shaft for the front wheels doesn't spin.. So I'm assuming their must be something with the differental itself that is causing the problem..

Can anybody shed some light on this.. Please..

Thanks

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  #2  
Old 06-07-2002, 06:07 PM
CNTHOR CNTHOR is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

If you look on the passenger side of the front drive axle, in between the front differential and the passenger control arms you will see a pair of vaccuum lines connected to a round thing which is mounted right on the axle.
This is the vacuum shift motor that engages the front axle. On 1995 models the front axle doesn't use locking hubs, Instead there is a front axle spline inside the front axle on the passenger side of the front differential. the spline slides towards the differential in order to engage the front differential.

It sounds like you might have a failed componant on the vacuum shift motor. Make sure the vacuum line(s) are not broken going to the front axle and then try to find a decent mechanic who will not rip you off. Repairing the shift motor does not mean you have to rebuild the front axle.

good luck
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  #3  
Old 06-07-2002, 06:12 PM
CNTHOR CNTHOR is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

By the way the vacuum lines aren't made of black rubber anymore. the are made of a rigid plastic. be careful if your explorer is a '95 they probably are a little brittle by now
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Old 06-08-2002, 02:19 AM
rstalker rstalker is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

I think I can see what your talking about.. However, I can only see one vacuum line going into it.. It's on the passager side in between the differential and the control arm.. Is it suppose to have two.. Maybe one has become disconnected.. I reached up to see if I could feel on open hole but I couldn't find one..

Is there a web page or a book I can get that will show a this part a little more..



Thanks,
Rick Stalker
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  #5  
Old 06-08-2002, 10:41 AM
rstalker rstalker is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

You are awesome.. We haven't had 4wd ever since we purchased the truck.. Almost 5 Years ago.

I got fully under the truck today and found the vacuum lines you were talking about.. everything looked ok so I decided to follow them up to the top and see what was going on..

Well I followed the lines to this little control box that is hooked to the side of the car and noticed that there were two connector that didn't have there lines plugged in.. I'm guessing it's the power or sensors for everything. I plugged in those two lines and BANG everything is working now.. It's so lovely to final have the 4wd I purchased the truck for.

The one thing I'm worried about is why those lines were disconnected in the first place.. They both had clips on them and one clip was broken..

Could the previous owner have disconnected the lines for some reason, maybe the 4wd wouldn't disengage or something. When I was checking the system out the first time I noticed the front drive shaft was spinning (though not as fast) in 2wd. Is this normal???

Maybe some mechanic was trying to make a quick buck for himself when it went in for some other repair.

Anyways thanks so much for helping out..
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  #6  
Old 06-08-2002, 04:37 PM
CNTHOR CNTHOR is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

I'm Glad I could help.

I had a problem with my transfer case. the Ford dealer gave me a qoute on $1750 to replace the transfer case. I felt like the symptons didn't match the diagnosis so I was forced to learn how the 4wd system works on a 1995. the result was that I changed a $30 speed sensor and now my system works fine. (and I learned quite a bit about the 4wd control-trac system.

Here's the $5.00 tour of your 4wd system.

1. PCM
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) is the main computer for your car and also controls the engine and Transmission. the PCM is mounted on the engine side of the firewall in front of the passenger air bag.It is not serviceable but is very easy to change ($300.00). It is notorious for going bad at about 100,000 Miles

2. transmission.
This transmission is all electronically controlled. It is controlled by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). It is also known as a weak transmission looking for a reason to fail. I had mine fail on me and it cost $3,000 to rebuild
-GET a Small external tranny cooler and have it connected in series with the existing cooler so that the engine pumps the fluid through the original cooler first, then the auxilary cooler and then back to the transmission (PEP BOYS sell the cooler for $40.00 and will install it for you for a small fee)
-GET the fluid PUMPED OUT every 12,000 miles
-GET the fluid PUMPED OUT and have the filter changed every 24,000 miles.

3. GEM
The generic Control Module (GEM)is the secon computer in your car. It is mounted in the dashboard behind the radio. It controls the Inside Lights, Windows, Wipers AND TRANSFER CASE (believe it or not) among other things. It is about $250 an is also very easy to change. And is aslo notorious for going bad

4. BORG-WARNER 44-05 transfer case
The transfer case is electronically controlled by the Generic Control Module (GEM). It has a INTERNAL clutch that is controlled by a solenoid (Electric Clutch). it also has 3 speed sensors mounted to it (one is the main vehicle speed sensor and is not used by the vehicle in controlling the 4wd system) two of the speed sensors are very important for 4wd operation. They are called HALL sensors and one measures front driveshaft speed the other measures rear driveshaft speed. The transfer case also has a ELECTRIC SHIFT MOTOR the is used to preform a mechanical shift of the transfer case from it's high gear range to it's low gear range.
In 2wd mode the GEM DISENGAGES the Clutch and the front axle (through the VACUUM SHIFT MOTOR).
In 4wd-AUTO the GEM engages the front axle and SLIGHTLY engages the electric clutch in the transfer case to send power to the front driveshaft (but still allow for slip so that your drivetrain isn't stressed if you are turning). It also starts reading the HALL sensors. If the rear driveshaft is spinning much faster than the front the GEM increases power to the electric clutch until the driveshafts are going close to the same speed. (NOTE THAT THERE IS NO MECHANICAL SHIFT IN THE TRANSFER CASE WHEN YOU GO FROM 2WD to 4WD-AUTO)
In 4wd-low the ELECTRIC SHIFT MOTOR shift the transfer case into low gear range (2.88:1) and fully engages the ELECTRIC CLUTCH.
This is what I learned about the transfer case:
-CHANGE THE FLUID EVERY 24,000 Miles (it only takes 1.5 quarts of mercon transmission fluid. Make sure you take the fill plugh off before you take the drain plug off in case you can't get the drain plug off you still have fluid in the transfer case)
-If you have a problem with the 4wd high mode it is probable one of the HALL sensors going bad (the rear one took me 5 minutes to change. The fron one requires removing the ELECTRIC SHIFT MOTOR to access)
-Keep the car in 2WD mode unless you need the 4wd don't waste your electric clutch on dry pavement.
-don't shift into 4wd-auto if you are going above 30mph. I have heard of people damaging the front axle if the axle doesn't engage properly
-once a month, on wet roads drive for about a mile in 4wd-auto to lubricate your front axle fully.
- TEST YOUR 4WD-LOW SOMEWHERE NEAR YOUR HOME THE FIRST TIME (You wouldn't want to find out that the shift motor got stuck in low gear in the middle of the desert would you?)

5. REAR AXLE
Most of the rear axles in '95 were the limited slip type. They take 80w90 hypoid gear oil and require 2oz of a special ford additive for the limited slip axles.
CHANGE YOUR AXLE OIL EVERY 50,000 miles
CHECK THE CONDITION OF THE OIL EVERY YEAR
MAKE SURE THE BREATHER TUBE ON THE AXLE DOESN'T GET BRITTLE AND BREAK

6. FRONT AXLE-DANA 35IFS
they are not limites slip (if you get stuck only one front wheel will spin)
the axle is supposed to tak a synthetic gear oil, But even the dealers use the same oil as the back.
CHANGE YOUR AXLE OIL EVERY 50,000 miles
CHECK THE CONDITION OF THE OIL EVERY YEAR
MAKE SURE THE BREATHER TUBE ON THE AXLE DOESN'T GET BRITTLE AND BREAK
the control module you found the tubes disconnected from is called the ELECTRONIC VACUUM CONTROL VALVE. The reason two line are going to your vacuum shift motor on the axle is to because the axle has to be DRIVEN ENGAGED and DRIVEN DISENGAGED. If the designers had only one line to DRIVE IT ENGAGED the they wouldn't have any way to disengage the axle once it was engaged.



As far as why the lines were off, I think it is stupid to pull both lines off. If you want the front axle to stay disengaged the you should leave the disengage line plugged in. your lucky the axle didn't get stuck haflway engaged and halfway disengaged. Just watch it carefully for the fisrt few days

Finally, If you are in 2wd the front shaft will still spin slowly because the transmission fluid in the transfer case still cause some small amount of energy to get to the front driveshaft.


I learned all of this because I thought my local Ford dealer was trying to rip me off. AND I WAS RIGHT.

I'm glad I could help you out. Get all your fluids changed


Carl Thor
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  #7  
Old 06-10-2002, 09:03 AM
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4x4_EB_Explorer 4x4_EB_Explorer is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

MAn... is this response awesome or what???!?!?!?!?


Thanks a lot dude
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1995 EB Explorer
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  #8  
Old 06-15-2002, 03:33 PM
CNTHOR CNTHOR is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

Just want to keep this on top for a while there is a lot of good info here
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  #9  
Old 01-04-2003, 02:01 PM
CNTHOR CNTHOR is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

Back to the top
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  #10  
Old 01-04-2003, 03:48 PM
outtdal00p outtdal00p is offline
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1995 Ford Explorer 4wd Problem

carl thor...you the man!! Great post

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Old 01-04-2003, 04:57 PM
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Old 01-04-2003, 04:57 PM
 
 
 
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