Like every other vehicle on the road, the Ford F-450 requires that its oil be changed regularly in order to continue to function properly. You should plan to change the oil in your truck about every 3000 miles or so. While many people take the time and money to take their vehicles in to a service station in order to have them adjusted and the oil changed, you can save effort and costs by changing the oil on your own. This process should take only about an hour or so, and you have the added bonuses of seeing firsthand the quality of the workmanship that goes into your oil change and of getting to be more familiar with your truck too. Read on for a guide on how to change the oil in your F-450.
Step 1 -- Gather the Materials
You'll need the following materials in order to properly change the oil in your Ford F-450:
- New oil filter
- Oil collection pan
- Oil packages (several additional quarts beyond what you need, just in case)
- Wrench set
- Jack stand set
- Paper towels
- New gasket set (optional)
Step 2 -- Prepare the Area
Check to see whether you'll be able to reach the oil container underneath the truck. If not, you should plan to mount the front end of the F-450 up on the jack stands so that you will better be able to access it. Look also at the hood of the car. Open it up and keep it propped open, then wait for a few hours after the engine has been running to allow the oil time to cool. Finally, place a set of newspapers underneath the front end of the truck to collect any oil that spills as you work.
Step 3 -- Drain the Oil
Next, you'll need to place the oil collection pan underneath the oil container in the front of the truck. Unscrew the oil drain plug by hand and allow the oil itself to come dripping into the pan. Be sure that you leave several minutes for the oil to drain completely, then clean up the inside of the container and the area around the drain plug with a set of paper towels before continuing.
Step 4 -- Check and Replace the Oil Filter, if Necessary
Use a wrench to unscrew the oil filter partially. it's located just adjacent to the oil plug, and you should be able to remove it the rest of the way by hand. Drain the filter into the pan and then examine it for signs of damage and corrosion. If necessary, replace it with a new filter, otherwise place the same filter back into the system. Do the same with the gasket, if you wish. Both of these items will not need to be replaced every time that you change out the oil in your truck, but it's nonetheless a good idea to check on them.
Step 5 -- Add New Oil
Place the funnel into the container and close up the drain plug at the base of the oil container. Pour in as many quarts of new oil as your vehicle owner's manual suggests based on your driving style and the conditions around you. Be sure to allow several minutes once again for the oil to drain completely into the truck. Close up the container and the hood of the truck, lower the vehicle from the jack stands if it was mounted on them.
Before you can operate your F-450 once again, it's a good idea to check on the oil levels manually. Use a dipstick to do this. If the oil reading is too low, add a bit more until the reading is right. if it's too high, drain off some of the oil once again. Once the level is adjusted properly, you're safe to start up your engine.
All of the tools that you'll need for this project are available at the local hardware store or at a nearby auto body repair shop.